The mandolin is the soprano member of the mandolin family, just like the violin is the soprano member of the violin family.
So what are the various types of mandolin which may be found? Well, below is a list of some of the main Kind of mandolin:
The mandola (US and Canada), termed the tenor mandola in Europe, Ireland and the UK, which is tuned to a fifth below the normal mandolin, in precisely the exact same relationship as that of the viola to the violin. Some people also call this tool the”alto mandola.” It’s normally tuned just like a viola, which is: C-G-D-A.
The instrument scale length is typically about 20 inches (500 mm), although such tools with scales as short as 17 inches (430 mm) or as long as 21 inches (530 mm) aren’t unknown.
The mandocello, which is classically tuned to an octave and a fifth below the mandolin, in precisely the exact same relationship as that of the cello into the violin: C-G-D-A. Today, it’s fairly frequent that it’s restrung for octave mandolin tuning or the Irish bouzouki’s GDAD. The tool scale length is typically about 25 inches (635 mm).
The Greek laouto is in fact a mandocello, ordinarily tuned D-G-D-A, with half of each set of the lower two classes that are being tuned an octave high on a lighter gauge string. Modern laoutos, as played on Crete, have the entire lower class tuned in octaves in addition to being tuned a reentrant octave above the anticipated D. The tool scale length is typically about 28 inches (712mm).
The mando-bass, has 4 single strings, as opposed to double courses, and it’s tuned like a double bass. These were created by the Gibson company in the early twentieth century, however, seem to have never been common. The majority of the mandolin orchestras will prefer using the normal double bass, instead of a technical mandolin family instrument.
The piccolo or sopranino mandolin is a rare member of the mandolin family, tuned one octave above the tenor mandola and one fourth over the mandolin; the exact same relation as that of the piccolo or sopranino violin into the violin and viola. The tool scale length is typically about 9.5 inches (240 mm).
The Irish bouzouki is also considered a member of the mandolin family; though it’s derived from the Greek bouzouki, it’s constructed like a flat backed mandolin and utilizes fifth-based tunings (most often GDAD, an octave below the mandolin, occasionally GDAE, ADAD or ADAE) in place of the guitar-like fourths-and-third tunings of the three- and four-course Greek bouzouki. Even though the bouzouki’s bass class pairs are extremely often tuned in unison, on some tools one of every pair is replaced with a lighter string and tuned in octaves, in the style of this 12-string guitar. Although occupying the same range as the octave mandolin/octave mandola, the Irish bouzouki differs from the prior tool by its longer scale length, typically from 22 inches (560 mm) to 24 inches (610 inches), although scales as long as 26 inches (660 mm), that’s the typical Greek bouzouki scale, aren’t unknown.